Aging Japan: Leading the way into the future

Aging Japan Project
Photograph: Mr Hicks 46 under Creative Commons.

The third Monday in September is Japan’s ‘Respect for the Aged’ day in honor of its elderly citizens. This year Japan celebrated this day on September 19. Not such a bad idea, as Japan is the world’s leading aging society. And since this phenomenon is seen as a sign of a global trend, the LeidenAsiaCentre launched a study on aging in Japan. 


Japan is the global leader in aging. It was labelled ‘aged society’ already in 1994, when its share of citizens over 65 exceeded 14 percent – the highest in the world at the time. Twenty years later, the percentage of people older than 65 has for the first time surpassed 25 percent. Currently one out of eight Japanese is older than 75,1 and predictions indicate that by 2030 nearly one-third of Japanese will belong to the elderly category.

This rapid demographic shift is not an isolated Japanese phenomenon, but rather a sign of a future global trend. Never before in human history has our planet contained so many people older than 65, and the number is expected to almost triple by 2050. Declining fertility combined with the rising life expectancy, which are chiefly responsible for the rapid aging population currently underway, are most visible in OECD countries, but similar tendencies can also be observed in the developing regions.


How will individuals overcome the restrictions aging imposes on their quality of life? How will families cope with aging relatives? How will the growing numbers of elderly citizens affect public institutions and their budgets, private firms and their economic prospects?

What challenges will aging societies face and what innovations and solutions will prove most effective to deal with them? These are questions that are becoming increasingly poignant, but quite impossible to answer. Do the solutions that are currently being proposed actually work in real life?

This project offers such empirical evidence from the most advanced ‘silver market’ in the world – Japan. The analysis focuses on the use of high-tech home care solutions, from remote-care services to robots, exploring the daily interactions of elderly with technology. The speed and intensity of Japan’s demographic change, along with the flexibility of the market and the innovative capacities of Japanese companies, offers a unique opportunity to explore the everyday reality of a hyper-aged society. The data acquired through this project is a valuable asset for the Netherlands and the rest of the world, who will face a similar reality sooner or later.

This project is in cooperation with the German Institute of Japanese Studies, read more about the project on their website.


Explore the everyday reality of a hyper-aged society, a valuable lesson for the Netherlands and the rest of the world, which will face a similar reality sooner or later. Knowing more about the Japanese approaches can serve as a source of inspiration for finding ways to cope with the elderly care elsewhere. Solutions that have proven themselves in Japan may also open up new opportunities for stakeholders outside of Japan.


German Institute for Japanese Studies, IMDI, RvO, Dutch Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sport (VWS). Academic cooperation : Prof. Jennifer Robertson (University of Michigan), Dr. Michel H.C. Bleijlevens (Maastricht University), Dr. Susanne Brucksch (German Institute for Japanese Studies), Dr. Florian Kohlbacher (The Economist Corporate Network North Asia) and Johan Hoorn (VU, Social Robotics)


Article on intergenerational care in Japan
Report on the midterm symposium in May 2017
Event page for the closing conference in december 2017

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Published On: June, 2017