Mohammadbagher Forough

Dr. Mohammadbagher Forough is a research fellow at GIGA – The German Institute of Global and Area Studies (Hamburg, Germany). He is also a research associate at Clingendael – Netherlands Institute of International Relations (The Hague) and a former assistant professor (2016-2021) of International Relations and Middle Eastern Studies at Leiden University (The Netherlands). He holds a PhD in International Relations from Groningen University (The Netherlands).

Research Interests

  • Middle Eastern/Iranian affairs
  • China-Middle East relations
  • Geoeconomics (such as the Belt and Road Initiative – BRI)
  • Development-security nexus
  • Infrastructure
  • Technology
  • Cybersecurity


Global Perspectives on the Belt and Road Initiative (2019-2020)

Towards Sustainable China-MENA Relations in the Renewable Energy Sector (2021)