Report: Russian Perspectives on China as an Actor in Cyberspace

LeidenAsiaCentre researchers Eric Siyi Zhang and Dr. Rogier Creemers have published a new report as part of the China’s Role in Cyber Security project.

Click on the image to open the report

In the report, titled ‘Russian Perspectives on China as an Actor in Cyberspace’, Zhang and Creemers discuss how the so-called ‘Sino-Russian approach’ to internet governance is often simplistically understood as a “black-box coalition” seeking to upend the multi-stakeholder and rule-based order, even though the realities of the Sino-Russian interactions in cyberspace are much more complicated. On one hand, the common distrust of these two states towards the liberal world order and the US hegemony forms the basis for cooperation at the multilateral level, especially on norm-promotion of cyber-sovereignty and a state-based internet governance model. Recently, China and Russia have also intensified their cooperation on regulating online content. On the other hand, from the Russian perspective, there are also several factors, for example perceived cyberespionage and China’s geo-economic prowess, that undermine bilateral trust or hinder further Sino-Russian cooperation. Based on Russian-language academic and policy literature, this report unpacks the multifaceted Sino-Russian relation in cyberspace from a Russian perspective, and provides recommendations for more effective engagement with both countries.

Earlier publications under the umbrella of the China’s Role in Cyber Security project include:
China’s Cyber Governance Institutions
China’s Approach to Cyber Sovereignty
Het Chinese technologiebeleid en de Nederlandse Chinanotitie